immigration browsing by tag


Reflectivity / BoPET mirror and stitching bound

Monday, June 26th, 2017

carried by Saxonia, 1912

Sunday, March 22nd, 2015







Ship images permission via purchase through the Norway Heritage Collection and Heritage-Ships

Image of Julia and Miklos Kaczur courtesy Brian Szabo

To thread connections, I’ve been scavanging sites to find images of places Julia might have seen, where she may have been, walked, rested, slept. Seeing the images of the Saxonia, its plans and various images of spaces meant for 3rd class steerage, I can’t help wonder about her experience during the voyage across the Atlantic to New York. Living in small quarters, the buoyancy and rhythm of the ocean, the sounds and scent of strangers, and unknown languages would be her constant companions. The combination of sacrifice, courage and hope must have sustained her journey. The Saxonia arrived safely in New York, April 8, 1912, just 7 days prior to the tragic sinking of the Titanic.

Space is not the setting (real or logical) in which things are arranged, but the means whereby the position of things becomes possible. This means that instead of imagining it as a sort of ether in which all things float, or conceiving it abstractly as a characteristic that they all have in common, we must think of it as the universal power enabling them to be connected.

– M. Merleau-Ponty, Phenomenology of Perception

Space (excerpt)

the damage of a word and cultural resistence

Sunday, March 1st, 2015

Words have a physiognomy because we adopt towards them, as towards each person, a certain form of behaviour which makes its complete appearance the moment each word is given.

– M. Merleau-Ponty, Phenomenology of Perception

(Sense Experience, excerpt)


After emigrating from Hungary (Szatmar Medye – Szanislau, County Satu Mare, now Romania) to USA (Ellis Island)  in 1912, Julia Alt married Nicholas (Miklós) Kaczur, Sr.  Moving to Johnstown, PA where Nicholas was a coal minor for four years before moving to Cleveland, Ohio in 1916, they were among hundreds of thousands of Eastern and Central Europeans who emigrated to the United States during 1870-1920.  Researching Johnstown, I stumbled upon a derogotary term that was given to those emigrating to work in the coal mines of Pennsylvania from Eastern and Central Europe en masse, “hunky”, an assumed derivative of “hungy” for Hungarian.  I’m reminded again by the awfulness and repetition of cultural resistence and prejudicial gains in United States’ history of immigration struggles and debate.